Mini Biography: Adelaide Labille-Guiard

Birth: Apr. 11, 1749
Death: Apr. 23, 1803
Nationality: French
Movement: Neoclassical
The youngest of a Parisian shop keep, Labille-Guiard studied miniature painting before marrying a clerk at age 20. She studied pastels after her marriage and exhibited her artwork at the Académie de Saint-Luc until it closed 1776. The following year Labille-Guiard separated from her first husband although the two didn’t officially divorce for another 15 years. A painter of portraits, Labille-Guiard’s career was stymied by the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror, and the subsequent drop in aristocrats to sit. In 1793, after spending much of the French Revolution in the country, she destroyed a large historical work depicting the brother of King Louis XVI (who would later become King Louis XVIII) under orders from Revolutionary forces. By the turn of the century Labille-Guiard had remarried to fellow artist François-André Vincent but died just a few years later.
Some of her notable works include: The Sculptor Augustin Pajou pictured below; Portrait of François-André Vincent (1783); Self-portrait with two pupils (1785). The header image is a study done of a student, friend, occasional model, and artist Marie-Gabrielle Capet.
adelaide_labille-guiard_-_the_sculptor_augustin_pajou_-_wga12364
Labille-Guiard, Adelaide. The Sculptor Augustin Pajou (1783),  Musee du Louvre, Paris.
To read more about Adelaide Labille-Guiard, or see more of her artwork, visit:
National Museum of Women in the Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Harvard Magazine

 

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