Mini Biography: Rogier van der Weyden

Birth: c. 1400
Death: June 18, 1464
Nationality: Belgian
Movement: Early Netherlandish
Rogier van der Weyden, also known as Rogelet de le Pasture, was born in 1399 or 1400, married in his mid 20’s, and fathered 4 children. Little is known about his second child, a daughter, but the oldest son became a Carthusian monk while the two younger boys became a painter and a goldsmith. He became the town painter of Brussels at about age 36 and the position was apparently created specifically for him. Unfortunately, due to the loss of archival records in both the 17th and 20th centuries little is known about Rogier’s early life, training, or guild affiliations. He has a small official oeuvre as verification of his work is difficult due to a lack of provenance, also some were destroyed in the 17th century while others exist in fragmented states. In fact, the work Rogier was most famous for was destroyed when Brussels was bombarded by French Army of Louis the XIV in 1695. The piece which took about 11 years to complete was titled The Justice of Trajan and Herkinbald and consisted of four extremely large panels and had been commissioned by the city of Brussels. He is buried in the Cathedral of St Michael and St. Gudula in Brussels.
Some of his notable works include: The Descent from the Cross (c. 1435), Crucifixion Diptych pictured below (as well as modified for the header image) and Calvary or Crucifixion (1457–1464.)
van der Weyden, Rogier. The Crucifixion, with the Virgin and Saint John the Evangelist Mourning (1460). Philadelphia Museum of Art.
For more information of Rogier van der Weyden and his artwork visit:
The National Gallery
The Metropolitan Museum of Art 
Museum of Fine Arts Boston